Key Message Update

Irregular rainfall affects the most vulnerable families

May 2019

May 2019

Los tres países se encuentran en fase 2 (estrés)

June - September 2019

Los tres países se encuentran en fase 2 (estrés)

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The Central America Climate Forum predicted average or below-average rainfall in most of the region's Pacific for the May / July quarter; Erratic rainfall was observed and with low accumulation during the months of April and May, affecting the beginning of the sowing of basic grains.

  • In April 2019, prices of white maize showed atypical decreasing trends in Nicaragua due to the outflow to the market of the Apante harvests, slightly upward in Honduras, but stable in El Salvador according to seasonal behavior. Prices remained above the average during the 2018/2019 cycle and due to speculation of losses they didn’t recover to average levels.

  • Bean prices showed stable behavior in Honduras and El Salvador, but decreased in Nicaragua, due to the presence in the market of Postrera and Apante flows. Compared to the previous year and the five-year average, prices decreased due to an average production in the 2018/2019 cycle.

  • Due to the lack of employment opportunities, the families of the poorest farmers who will depend on the market for their food during the May-August period will resort to coping strategies (sale of work tools and small animals, purchase of less nutritious food, spacing of meal times, reduction of food rations and migration to urban centers or abroad).

  • Due to deterioration in livelihoods, crop losses, reduced incomes and price increases in basic products, families in subsistence farming communities will find themselves in Stressed (IPC, Phase 2) Food Security in June. However, there is a limited number of poorer households in isolated communities that could be face Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) Acute Food Security.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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