Key Message Update

Food security improves in the region, but limited areas of Crisis expected in March

December 2014
2014-Q4-12-1-caribbean-central-america-es

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Food security in the region has improved due to multiple factors, including an average Postrera harvest in the region, humanitarian assistance from international organizations and governments, the beginning of the period of high labor demand, and reduction in prices of basic grains.

  • Some areas in eastern Guatemala, southern and western Honduras, northwestern Nicaragua, and coffee-producing regions of El Salvador will remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2) until at least March 2015, due to the completion of funded food assistance in December, below-normal food reserves after the losses incurred during the Primera season of 2014, and below-average employment opportunities.

  • Limited areas of the temperate highlands of Guatemala and southwestern Honduras will be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) beginning in March 2015, due to the severe damage to Primera season production caused by the extended canícula (seasonal dry spell), and the impact of coffee rust on income since 2012.

  • Food security remains stable in Haiti in December with ongoing harvests of pigeon peas and sorghum. Below-average spring and fall agricultural production due to dryness in 2014 has led to reduced on-farm income and is expected to lead poor households to rely more than usual on other typical sources of income (charcoal production, collection of wild foods, etc.) to meet food needs. Several communes along the southern peninsula and in North-West and North-East Departments will be Stressed (IPC Phase 2) beginning in January.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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