Key Message Update

A promising start to the summer farming season, but socio-political and economic instability persists

September 2019

September 2019

La plupart du pays est en phase 2, à l'exception de certaines poches en phase 1 et 3.

October 2019 - January 2020

La plupart du pays est en phase 2, à l'exception de certaines poches en phase 1 et 3.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Above-normal precipitation between late July and early August kept the soil at a satisfactory moisture level, reflected in vegetation index and crop development (North / Northeast, Great South, Nippes, etc.). This favors the start of the summer crop season, which good harvests prospects if rainfall conditions are maintained.

  • Markets are generally well supplied with local and imported products, but high prices make their access difficult for the poor and very poor. Prices of major commodities including rice, maize and beans are above those of last year and their five-year average.

  • A combination of factors, including weak government initiative and fuel shortages, is likely to maintain a climate of socio-economic tension negatively affecting markets and economic activities, which ultimately affects the food security of the poorest.

  • Thus, livelihoods will remain disrupted. Poor and very poor households continue to resort to negative coping strategies such as increased migration and the sale of charcoal to purchase food - which is still observing high prices- or non-food items, and most regions of the country are in Stress (IPC Phase 2) or Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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