Key Message Update

Rainfall irregularities affect basic grains harvest

September 2019

August - September 2019

Guatemala's dry corridor indicates areas in Phase 3, as well as certain areas in Haiti. El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua are in Phase 2.

October 2019 - January 2020

Guatemala's dry corridor indicates areas in Phase 3, as well as certain areas in Haiti. El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua are in Phase 2.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Some areas of Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua including the Dry Corridor registered below-average rainfall and above-average temperatures that affected basic grains crops during the Primera season. In July, Haiti reported below-average precipitations that impacted Spring crops.

  • The poorest households in the Dry Corridor of Central America who will likely register significant losses (above 50 percent) of the Primera harvests will not be able to replenish their bean and maize stocks. In consequence, they will keep purchasing in the market and engaging in negative coping strategies to access food.  

  • Labor opportunities will be reduced due to crops losses. Poor households will therefore engage in coping strategies to access food. Although, sowing for Postrera and the high labor demand season will help to relieve the situation. In Haiti, agriculture labor is observing mixed outcomes, however, there is some availability of other sources of income such as urban migration and self-employment.

  • In Central America, the maize and bean market remain supplied by carryover stocks and imports. Maize prices remain above average and bean prices below average. In Haiti, markets are adequately supplied with imported staple foods while supply of local staples is limited due to below-average Spring harvests. Prices of both local and imported staple foods continue to be above average.

  • Poor households whose livelihoods have deteriorated and have limited access to non-basic food needs will face Stress (IPC, Phase 2) food security outcomes. However, the poorest households, who are engaging in negative coping strategies will face Crisis (IPC, Phase 3), particularly in some areas of the Dry Corridor in Guatemala and Haiti.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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