Food Security Framework | Hazards? The Sahel has been characterized by rainfall variability of more than 20 percent from one year to the next. The high variability in rainfall patterns could lead to disasters (floods, droughts) significantly reducing agricultural, pastoral, fishery, and forestry production.
? In a poor year, production deficits of more than 50% are common.
? The resurgence of community conflicts between pastoralists and agriculturalists can lead to internal displacement and loss of productive capacity of households.
? Recurrent pest attacks substantially reduce agricultural production.
? Flooding is increasingly frequent and leads to significant losses of food stocks and rainfed crops.
? Malaria and diarrheal diseases are common, especially during times of excess rainfall. This limits the workforce and therefore the conduct of main and off-seasons.