Key Message Update

Insecurity is leading to an accelerated increase in internal displacement

May 2019

May 2019

Resultats de la securite alimentaire estimes de fevrier a mai 2019 est Minimal (Phase 1 de l'IPC)

June - September 2019

Resultats de la securite alimentaire estimes de juin a septembre 2019 est Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC)

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Following the accelerated deterioration of the security situation, there are now 161,217 internally displaced persons (OCHA/CONASUR, 6 May 2019) in Burkina Faso, twice as many as at the beginning of the year. These displacements occurred mainly in the Sahel and North Central regions, where armed groups have increased their abuses against civilians with an average of more than 30 incidents per month. In Soum and northern Sanmatenga provinces, displaced persons represent about 19 percent of the population, and who are dependent on humanitarian assistance, which has covered 32 percent of their population in the past two months. Households in these areas (IDPs and hosts) are in Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) and without this assistance, they will be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). However, their numbers are not enough to change the area phase classification.

  • In the far north of the country, local markets are no longer regularly supplied from the country's usual areas because despite changing their routes, transporters are often blocked in Dori, waiting for the axes to be secured. Nevertheless, prices of basic foodstuffs remain similar or below the five-year average, partly favored by humanitarian assistance in areas with a high presence of IDPs, and due to the higher production over the past season in areas where households have access to their stocks. In the central livestock markets of Dori and Djibo, which are functioning quite well, the terms of trade between goats and millet have improved by 25 percent in Djibo but have deteriorated by 19 percent in Dori compared to the five-year average.

  • In addition to forced displacement, repeated threats from armed groups prevent households from their usual livelihoods and income-generating activities such as gold panning, livestock trading and petty trade. Similarly, humanitarian actors have increasingly limited access to areas with a high presence of IDPs, which could hinder the implementation of actions planned for the lean season in the coming months. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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