Key Message Update

Early November rains result in early planting in parts of the country

November 2017

November 2017 - January 2018

February - May 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food security outcomes continue in most northern and high crop-producing areas and are expected until March 2018. In contrast, marginal production areas in the southern, western, and extreme northern regions are currently Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) because of reduced or depleted own-produced food stocks, limited livelihood activities, and reduced household incomes due to prevailing economic and liquidity challenges. Humanitarian assistance is expected in some areas and is likely to improve outcomes to Stressed (IPC Phase 2!). These outcomes are expected to persist in most areas until March 2018. 

  • Price increases of several basic commodities, due partly to prevailing cash shortages, have impacted food access for poor households. The government has started monitoring the availability and prices of several basic commodities (including cooking oil, mealie meal, bread, flour, sugar, rice, salt, laundry soap and fuel) and relaxing import restrictions on some commodities (including food and crop inputs). These policy changes are expected to temporarily alleviate commodity shortages and stabilize prices. 

  • Widespread rainfall began across much of the county in early to mid-November and land preparation and planting for the 2017-18 cropping season have started. For some areas that are used to a later start of season, the earlier than normal start of the rainfall may result in higher than average cropped area. There is a shortage of fertilizer supplies in most markets, and as farmer demand has increased, fertilizer prices have increased significantly as well.  

  • In high crop-producing areas, on-farm casual labor will improve with the start of the rains, but will remain below typical levels, and payments will be mainly in-kind. In some marginal production areas, targeted districts and communities began receiving humanitarian assistance in the form of either cash transfers or in-kind in October/November.  

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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