Burkina faso flag

Remotely Monitored Country
Key Message Update

Staple cereal prices remain unusually high

March 2018

March - May 2018

June - September 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In February the government began to sell cereals at a subsidized price to regulate staple food prices in markets. At the same time, they mobilized 32,000 tons of cereals to continue this program through the end of the year. Meanwhile, in most markets, prices continue to move seasonally above the five-year average, with average increases of 15 percent for maize, 25 percent for millet and 24 percent for sorghum.

  • In livelihood zones 7 and 8, in the north of the country, a deterioration of the security situation was indicated by an increase in attacks by armed groups, causing internal displacement of communes along the border with Mali to areas farther south. Programs in charge of social action estimate that around 12,500 people have been displaced and have made 3 months’ worth of cereals available to them.

  • In this part of the country where most poor households earn their income through livestock or gold panning, prices of cereals 20 to 33 percent higher than the five-year average, and the stability of the prices for gold and small ruminants, are not favorable to household access to food from markets. While households’ stocks are nearly depleted, terms of trade for livestock/cereals are 15 percent lower than the five-year average. Therefore, beginning in April, the degradation in access to food will place poor households in livelihood zone 8 in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) that will extend to livelihood zone 7 in June.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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