Key Message Update

Unusually high staple cereal prices

November 2017

November 2017 - January 2018

February - May 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Despite ongoing harvests, staple cereal prices have not declined as significantly as usual and remain above the five-year average by 4 percent for maize, 17 percent for millet and 9 percent for sorghum at the national level. Localized production deficits and pre-harvest bids by the Government for the replenishment of the national security stock (35,500 tons) will put pressure on the collection by traders, while producers will be cautious about the marketing of their stocks

  • Despite concerns about a difficult food security situation, we can see, on the one hand, households preparedness for market gardening activities and, on the other hand, an increase in the departure of laborers to gold mining sites and seasonal migrations. Water availability remains average for market gardening and the current price of one gram of gold (around 25,000 CFA francs) is considered encouraging.

  • Own production is usually the main source of food for households experiencing Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity. The average income from the sale of cash crops (mainly cowpeas, peanuts) enables them to meet non-food expenditures and maintain their livelihoods.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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