Key Message Update

Sufficient market supply in the Far North region although restricted in the English-speaking regions

April 2019

April - May 2019

Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are present some areas of Cameroon.

June - September 2019

Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are present some areas of Cameroon.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In the Far-North, market supply of staple foods remains above average. Household demand is normal; however, overall demand has increased as a result of NGOs purchasing food locally. In the main monitored markets, sorghum and maize prices are on average below last year’s prices by 41 and 32 percent, respectively, and the five-year average by 21 and 20 percent, respectively. Income from livestock and onion sales is below average. Specifically for onions, prices are down 20 percent compared to the five-year average as Yaoundé and Douala are now the main markets. 

  • March was marked by an upsurge in Boko Haram incursions with 15 recorded incidents and looting of food and livestock in districts bordering Nigeria, mainly Fotokol and Kolofata. Despite these threats, internally displaced persons (IDPs) express their desire to return to their place of origin for the start of the main cultivation season. IDPs and poor host households in the Far-North are experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity.

  • Dry season production between December and March in the Northwest and Southwest regions decreased due to conflict; restricting access to production areas and below average labor availability. The first wet season in 2019 began normally. However, access to fields and laborers is limited with a reduction of endowments and input subsidies by cooperatives and state services; which are abandoned in some areas. In addition, fall armyworm is present in maize crops; most likely reducing yields, especially in the departments of Kupe and Manenguba, Southwest Region and Mezam, Bui, Menchum, Boyo, Ngoketunjia, and Momo, Northwest Region.

  • Official coffee and cocoa prices decreased in world markets this year; however, most farmers are currently selling these products on average 27 percent lower than official prices. Only those with access to markets along the Nigerian border manage to negotiate official prices with buyers. In addition, food prices increased compared to last year, atypically high price increases were observed in Kumbo, Mamfe, Kumba and Limbe markets. Deteriorating food access and incomes expose poor households and IDPs to Crisis (IPC Phase 3). Food assistance in the past month (mainly distributed by WFP and CRS), continues to cover 10 and 21 percent of IDPs and poor hosts, respectively, mitigating outcomes in some areas.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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