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Presence Country
Key Message Update

Fodder deficits are affecting food security in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas

March 2018

March - May 2018

June - September 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The definitive results published mid-March indicate a cereal production of 2,716,000 tons, representing a 2 percent deficit compared to the 5 years average. Alternately, the fodder deficit is significantly affecting pastoral areas, leading to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food security outcomes, unlike the rest of the country in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity – with the exception of Lac. 

  • Livestock body condition is deteriorating since the beginning of the pastoral lean season in February. Transhumants are already concentrated in the Sudanian area. Some sedentary breeders are using cattle cake as a food complement for the livestock and the animals are walking great distances to get water. Livestock prices are decreasing and Terms of Trade or unfavorable to the breeders. 

  • In the Lac region, pressure from displaced populations on host household’s stocks is leading to a consumption deficit (IPC Phase 3). Despite a stable cereal production (+ 2 percent) compared to average, corn is diverted to surrounding areas that are facing a serious deficit (Kanem and BEG). Cash crop production has met a 27 percent decrease compared to 5 years average. 

  • Markets are well furnished thanks to the new berbere harvests (off season sorghum), reinforcing cereal offer. The low availability in Wadi Fira translates in a slightly higher demand. Trade flows in the Lac region remains disrupted by the conflicts. Cereal prices keep decreasing in most markets due to the good level of traders’ stocks, reinforced by imports of manufactured goods. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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