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Presence Country
Key Message Update

Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity is likely in rainfed agricultural zones

May 2018

May 2018

June - September 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Daily markets in the south of the rainfed agricultural zone are being supplied with traditional cereals from Mali. However, poor households in rural areas are eating only imported foods since their seasonal incomes are at their lowest level since 2016. At the national level, food markets and EMEL government boutiques are well supplied with imported foods, but their prices are increasing due to the increased demand during Ramadan and the poor availability of traditional cereals.

  • Despite the decrease in livestock supply in markets due to greater transhumance, prices of goats and cattle continue to decline except in the east of the agropastoral zone (moughataas of Kiffa, Aioun El Atrouss, Timbedra Nema) where pastoral trade is becoming the base of household incomes.

  • According to NASA, NOAA and USGS, forecasts from June to August indicate a normal start to the rainy season, but possible rainfall deficits in the south of the country and in the border regions near Mali and Senegal. The National Meteorological office is still forecasting a normal situation throughout the country. However, the unusually low temperatures currently occurring along the Mauritanian coast tend to support the first hypothesis.

  • In some parts of the agropastoral zone, the center of the Senegal River Valley, and the north and center of the rainfed agriculture zone, the poorest households are experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

  • In the rest of the country, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes that are normally seen in the lean season (May to August) began early this year in February/March, with increased intensity compared to an average year, particularly in the areas where agriculture and pastoralism are the primary livelihoods of the poorest households.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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